SOURCES

Tobacco

Tobacco Policy Priorities

i Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. “Toll of Tobacco in the United States,” 20 Nov 2015.
https://www.tobaccofreekids.org/facts_issues/toll_us/

ii Barendregt JJ, Bonneaux L, van der Maas, PJ. The Health Care Costs of Smoking. The New England Journal of Medicine. Oct. 9, 1997. 337:1052-1057

iii Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. “Broken Promises to Our Children: A State-by-State Look at the 1998 State Tobacco Settlement 16 Years Later,” 8 Dec 2015. Source

iv Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. “Raising Cigarette Taxes Reduces Smoke, Especially Among Kids (and the cigarette companies know it),” 11 Oct 2012.
http://www.tobaccofreekids.org/research/factsheets/pdf/0146.pdf

v Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. “The Rise of Cigars and Cigar-Smoking Harms,” 8 May 2015. https://www.tobaccofreekids.org/research/factsheets/pdf/0333.pdf

vi Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. “Smoking and Tobacco Use: Secondhand Smoke Facts.” http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/fact_sheets/secondhand_smoke/general_facts/

vii Rees, VW, Connolly GN. “Measuring air quality to protect children from secondhand smoke in cars.” American Journal of Preventative Medicine. 2006 Nov;31(5):363-8. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17046406

viii Orenstein, David. “Stanford researchers measure secondhand smoke concentrations in automobiles.” Stanford News. Aug 29, 2007.
http://news.stanford.edu/news/2007/september12/smokecar-091207.html

ix Sendzik, Taryn, Fong, Geoffrey T., Travers, Mark J., Hyland, Andrew. “An experimental investigation of tobacco smoke pollution in cars.” Nicotine & Tobacco Research. (2009) 11 (6): 627-634. http://ntr.oxfordjournals.org/content/11/6/627.short

x Air Resources Board, California Protection Agency, “Secondhand Smoke in Cars Fact Sheet”, available at http://www.arb.ca.gov/toxics/ets/documents/ets_cars.pdf

xi Global Advisors Smokefree Policy. “Smoke-free Vehicles When Children Are Present,” 22 June 2015. http://www.njgasp.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/f_SF-carskids-info-arguments.pdf

xii Tobacco Prevention and Control Program, Department of Health, “Data Highlights from the 2013 Hawaii Youth Tobacco Survey (YTS) and Comparisons with Prior Years”, available at http://health.hawaii.gov/about/files/2013/06/2011_HYTS.pdf

xiii Scientific American, “How Safe Are Electronic Cigarettes? Not Everyone Agrees.” Source

xiv Americans for Nonsmokers’ Rights, “Electronic (e-) Cigarettes and Secondhand Aerosol”, available at http://no-smoke.org/pdf/ecigarette-secondhand-aerosol.pdf. [/accordion_item]

Secondhand Smoke Infographic

Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (2014, March 05). Health Effects of Secondhand Smoke. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/fact_sheets/secondhand_smoke/health_effects/

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. How Tobacco Smoke Causes Disease: The Biology and Behavioral Basis for Smoking-Attributable Disease: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2010.

Smoke-Free Vehicles Infographic

California Environmental Protection Agency. (n.d.). Secondhand smoke in cars fact sheet. Retrieved from http://www.arb.ca.gov/toxics/ets/documents/ets_cars.pdf

New Jersey GASP. (2015, June 22). Smoke-free vehicles when children are present. Retrieved from http://www.njgasp.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/f_SF-carskids-info-arguments.pdf

Healthy Eating + Active Living (HEAL)

Complete Streets

1 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2000). Healthy people 2010. 2nd edition. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

2 Teach Robbins, L., Morandi, L. (2002, December). Promoting Walking and Biking: the Legislative Role. National Conference of State Legislators. www.activelinvingleadership.org/pdf_file/Promoting_Walking_and_biking.pdf

3 Smart Growth America (2014). Hawaii: Dangerous by Design 2014.
http://www.smartgrowthamerica.org/research/dangerous-by-design/dbd2014/state/Hawaii/

Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Fee Fact Sheet

1 Raguso, E. (2016, January 20). Council approves $1.5M to fight soda consumption. Retrieved from http://www.berkeleyside.com/2016/01/20/berkeley-council-approves-1-5m-to-fight-soda-consumption/

2 Falbe, J., Thompson, H. R., Becker, C. M., Rojas, N., McCulloch, C. E., and Madsen, K. A(2016 October).  Impact of the Berkeley excise tax on sugar-sweetened beverage consumption. American Journal of Public Health, 106(10), pp. 1865-1871. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2016.303362

3 Healthy Food for America. Looking back on a milestone year in the movement to curb sugar. Retrieved from http://www.healthyfoodamerica.org/looking_back_on_a_milestone_year_in_the_movement_to_curb_sugar

4 Center for Science in the Public Interest. (2016 December). Comparing local soda taxes in the U.S. Retrieved from https://cspinet.org/sites/default/files/attachment/Soda%20Taxes%20Passed%20To%20Date%20Infographic%20FINAL_0.pdf

5The Navajo Nation. (2014 November 21). President Shelly signs Healthy Dine’ Nation Act of 2014 into law. Retrieved from http://www.navajo-nsn.gov/News%20Releases/OPVP/2014/nov/Healthy%20Dine%20Nation%20Act%20of%202014.pdf

6Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2010). The CDC guide to strategies for reducing the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages. Retrieved from http://www.cdph.ca.gov/SiteCollectionDocuments/StratstoReduce_Sugar_Sweetened_Bevs.pdf

7Public Health Advocates. (2013). The health consequences of drinking soda and other sugar-sweetened beverages [Fact Sheet].

8Trogdon, JG., Finkelstein, EA., Feagan, CW., & Cohen, JW. (2012). State- and payer-specific estimates of annual medical expenditures attributable to obesity. Obesity, 20(1): 214-220. doi: 10.1038/oby.2011.169

9Hawaii State Department of Health. (2012). Rethink Your Drink Adolescent Post-test Survey, 2012.

10Hawaii State Department of Health. (2015 September 25). Hawaii oral heatlh: Key Findings. Retrieved from http://health.hawaii.gov/about/files/2013/06/Key_Findings_wC.pdf

11Hawaii State Department of Health. (2016 August). Hawaii smiles 2015: The oral health of Hawaii’s children. Retrieved from https://health.hawaii.gov/about/files/2013/06/Hawaii-Smiles-Report.pdf

12Lowery St. John, T., Sinclair, B., Wang, C., & Maddock, J. (2013). Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption among Hawaii teens. 141st APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition 2013. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/266787072_Sugar-sweetened_beverage_consumption_among_Hawaii_teens

Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Warning Label Fact Sheet

1 Health Code – Sugar Sweetened Beverage Warning for Advertisements, San Francisco Health Code Article 42 (2015). Retrieved from https://sfgov.legistar.com/View.ashx?M=F&ID=3844184&GUID=59549F25-8D8A-4E07-BE7D-D1683A53BEAE

2 Public Health Advocates. (2013). The health consequences of drinking soda and other sugar-sweetened beverages [Fact Sheet].

3 Elwan, D., de Schweinitz, P., & Wojcicki, J. M. (2016). Beverage consumption in an Alaska Native village: A mixed-methods study of behavior, attitudes, and access. International Journal of Circumpolar Health, 75. doi:10.3402/ijch.v75.29905

4 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2010). The CDC guide to strategies for reducing the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages. Retrieved from http://www.cdph.ca.gov/SiteCollectionDocuments/StratstoReduce_Sugar_Sweetened_Bevs.pdf

5 Trogdon, JG., Finkelstein, EA., Feagan, CW., & Cohen, JW. (2012). State- and payer-specific estimates of annual medical expenditures attributable to obesity. Obesity, 20(1): 214-220. doi: 10.1038/oby.2011.169

6 VanEpps, E., Roberto, C. (2016). The influence on sugar-sweetened beverage warnings: A randomized trial of adolescents’ choices and beliefs. American Journal of Preventative Medicine. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2016.07.010

7 Hawaii State Department of Health. (2012). Rethink Your Drink Adolescent Post-test Survey, 2012.

8 Roberto, C., Wong, D., Musicus, A., Hammond, D. (2016). The influence of sugar-sweetened beverage health warning labels on parents’ choices. Pediatrics, 137(2). doi: 10.1542/peds.2015-3185